5th largest city of Pakistan, Quetta, known as the Fruit Garden of Pakistan for its diversity of plant and animal wildlife and Pakistan's only high-altitude major city situated at an elevation of 1,680 meters.
Area 2,653 Sq.Km.
Population - 2017- 2,275,699 persons
Male 1,193,913 (52.5 %)
Female 1,081,755 (47.5 %)
Population Density 830.3 per Sq. Km
Urban Population 1,001,205 (44 %)
Rural Population 1,274,494 (56 %)
Literacy Ratio (10 +) 57.1 %
Male 67.27 %
Female 44.53 %
Population - 1998- 773,936 persons
Average Annual Growth Rate (1998-2017) 5.83% /year
Union Councils 66
Municipal Corporation 01
5th largest city of Pakistan, Quetta, known as the Fruit Garden of Pakistan for its diversity of plants. A total of 225 species of flora have been identified in the area including pistachios, juniper, wild olives, wild ash and wild almonds. Quetta is also home to a diverse variety of animal wildlife, rare mammals such as Markhor (National Animal of Pakistan), are found in the Quetta region.
Pakistan's only high-altitude major city situated at an elevation of 1,680 meters (5,500 ft) above sea level.
The population of the city makes it the 6th largest city in Pakistan. Sitting in the northern part of Balochistan province near the Durand Line border i.e. the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is 2,200km long and close to Kandahar province. Quetta has serves as a trade and communication centre between the two countries. The city is located on the historic Bolan Pass route, once the only gateway to and from South Asia.
Quetta is also spelt Kuwatah, a variation of Kot, a Pashto word meaning "fortress. The city's name is derived from the four towering hills, Chiltan, Takatu, Zarghoon and Murdaar that envelope the city like a fortress.
There are no natural boundaries between Quetta and its adjoining districts of Dera Ismail Khan to the northeast, Dera Ghazi Khan and Sibi to the east, Sukkur and Jacobabad to the southeast, Karachi and Gawadar to the south and Ziarat to the northeast. The closest major city is Kandahar in Afghanistan which is located to the west of the Quetta region.
Quetta is a haven for tourists because of its climate. It has a semi-arid climate with a significant variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summer starts in late May and goes on until early September with average temperatures ranging from 24-26 °C (75-78 °F).
The highest temperature in Quetta is 42 °C (108 °F) which was recorded on 10 July 1998.
Autumn starts in late September and continues until mid-November with average temperatures in the 12-18 °C (55-65 °F) range. Winter starts in late November and ends in late March, with average temperatures near 4-5 °C (39-41 °F).
The lowest temperature in Quetta is -18.3 °C (-0.9 °F) which was recorded on 8 January 1970.
Spring starts in early April and ends in late May, with average temperatures close to 15 °C (60 °F). Unlike more easterly parts of Pakistan, Quetta does not have a monsoon season of heavy rainfall. In the winter snow is the principal form of precipitation, and this falls mostly in the months of December, January and February.
The city saw a severe drought from 1999 to 2001, during the drought the city did not receive snowfall and also received below normal rains. In 2003 the city received snowfall after a long period of five years.
Quetta Railway Station is one of the highest railway station is in Pakistan at 1,676 meters (5,495 ft) above sea level. The extensive network of Pakistan Railways connects Quetta to Karachi in the south, by 863 km track, Lahore in the northeast1,170 km or 727 miles and Peshawar further northeast1,587 km or 986 miles. A road runs alongside the railway that connects Quetta to Karachi via Sibi, Jacobabad and Rohri.
Hanna Lake, which nestles in the hills ten kilometres (six miles) east of the city, is a turquoise body of water that contrasts markedly with the bare surrounding hills. It is an attractive destination with facilities for boat hire. At one end there is an irrigation dam, while on the eastern shore there is Hayat Durrani Water Sports Academy, the only water sports training centre in Balochistan Province.
Hazarganji Chiltan National Park, 20 km (12 mi) south-west of Quetta, Markhors is a protected park area. The name of the park, "Hazarganji" literally means "Of a thousand treasures" is spread over 32,500 acres (132 km2) at an altitude ranging from 2,021 to 3,264 metres (5,625 to 10,700 feet). Legend has it, there are over a thousand buried treasures, reminders of the passage over the ages of great armies including the Bactrians, the Scythians, the Muslims, and the Mongols.
Pir Ghaib is a waterfall and picnic spot located 70 km from the Quetta City in the historic Bolan valley.
Kharkhasa is located 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Quetta in a 16 km (9.9 mi) long narrow valley that contains a variety of flora and fauna species. The Chiltan Hill in the park provides a panoramic view of the city. A visit to the nearby cities of Kirani and Ziarat are popular scenic places for tourists travelling to and from Quetta.
The Quetta Geological Museum, located on Sariab Road has a collection of rocks and fossils found in Balochistan.
The Quetta Archaeological Museum has a collection of rare antique guns, swords, manuscripts and a display of Stone Age tools, prehistoric pottery and articles found in Mehrgarh. There are also coins, manuscripts and photos of Quetta before the 1935 earthquake.
The Command and Staff College Museum is a museum dedicated to British military history. It is housed in the former bungalow of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.The Balochistan Arts Council Library houses arts and crafts from Balochistan province. Festivals Cultural and religious festivals are held in the city every year.
Buzkashi is a festival celebrated by Pashtuns in which two teams on horseback attempt to snatch a goat from each other.
The Shaheed Nauoroz Stadium is the largest stadium in the city. The city also has Ayub National Stadium, a multi-purpose stadium used for football and cricket.
Pashtun rugs and Balochi carpets are made by the nomadic tribes of the area. They are generally not as fine or as expensive as either the Persian products or the Turkoman tribal rugs from further north, but they are generally more authentic than the copies of Turkoman and Persian designs often found in the major cities of Pakistan.
Food of Quetta is full of Pashtun traditional dishes such as Kadi kebab and Lamb Roash and Balochi Saji and other traditional dishes are available around the city. The Pashtun tribal cuisine "Roash", which non-locals call "Namkin", is served in both city restaurants as well as in the outlying areas. Some of the finest mutton in the country is raised around Quetta and is a mainstay of local cuisine.
The Pashtun tribal dish, "Landhi", is made of a whole lamb which is dried and kept fresh during the cold winters. "Khadi Kebab" is a lamb barbecue while "Sajji" (leg of lamb) and "Pulao" are other local dishes.